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Authors Singh N, Djamali A, Lorentzen D, Pirsch JD, Leverson G, Neidlinger N, Voss B, Torrealba JR, Hofmann RM, Odorico J, Fernandez LA, Sollinger HW, Samaniego M
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Journal Transplantation Volume: 90 Issue: 10 Pages: 1079-84
Publish Date 2010 Nov 27
PubMed ID 21293194

The clinical significance of pretransplant donor-specific antibodies (pre-Tx DSAs) detected by single-antigen bead flow cytometry (SAB-FC) remains unclear.To investigate the impact that pre-Tx DSAs detected by SAB-FC have on early clinical outcomes, we tested pre-Tx sera from all consecutive deceased-donor kidney transplants performed between January 2005 and July 2006 (n=237).In the study population of which 66% had a high-immunologic risk, mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) more than or equal to 100 for class I and more than or equal to 200 for class II were the lowest DSA thresholds associated with inferior antibody-mediated rejection-free graft survival (75% vs. 90%, P=0.004 and 76% vs. 87%, P=0.017, respectively). The hazard ratio for antibody-mediated rejection increased linearly with higher class II DSA from MFI 100 to 800 (1.7[0.8-3.2], P=0.1 for MFI ≥100 vs. 4.7[2.4-8.8], P<0.001 for MFI ≥ 800). Differences in graft function were only evident in patients with class II MFI more than or equal to 500 (estimated glomerular filtration rate: 47.6 vs. 54.3, P=0.02 and proteinuria: 0.6 ± 0.6 vs. 0.4 ± 0.3, P=0.03). A difference in death-censored graft survival was detected in patients with class II MFI more than or equal to 1000 (75% vs. 91.9%, P=0.055).High-pre-Tx DSAs detected by SAB-FC are associated with incrementally poor graft outcomes in deceased-donor kidney transplant with high-immunologic risk. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System