|Authors||Wahlstrom K, Bellingham J, Rodriguez JL, West MA|
|Journal||Shock Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 242-7|
|Publish Date||1999 Apr|
The transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB is thought to be required for endotoxin-stimulated tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin (IL)-1 gene transcription. Nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB is regulated by the cytoplasmic inhibitory factor IkappaBalpha. Low-dose lipopolysaccharide (LPS) pretreatment modulates cytokine release by altering subsequent LPS-activated signal transduction pathways. In this study, we examined the effect of LPS pretreatment exposure on IkappaBalpha and NF-kappaB following activation with LPS. Murine macrophages (Mphi were exposed to a range of LPS concentrations +/-24 h PreRx with 10 ng/mL LPS pretreatment. Cytoplasmic IkappaBalpha (Western immunoblot) and NF-kappaB (gel-shift assay) were assayed 30 min after LPS activation. Gene transcription for TNF was measured 6 h after LPS activation using RT-PCR. In the absence of LPS pretreatment, IkappaBalpha disappeared from the cytoplasm coincident with nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB. Tolerant Mphi had markedly enhanced levels of IkappaBalpha and normal to increased levels of NF-kappaB translocation with a different electrophoretic shift. LPS activation enhanced cytokine gene transcription in a dose-dependent manner, and this was unaltered by LPS pretreatment. Endotoxin-tolerant Mphi also had increased cytoplasmic levels of the p65 subunit of NF-kappaB. LPS tolerance is associated with increases of cytoplasmic IkappaBalpha p65, as well as enhanced NF-kappaB. We conclude that control of NF-kappaB translocation by IkappaBalpha is dysregulated in endotoxin-tolerant Mphi.