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Authors Pickhardt PJ, Kim DH, Taylor AJ, Gopal DV, Weber SM, Heise CP
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Journal Dis. Colon Rectum Volume: 50 Issue: 1 Pages: 56-63
Publish Date 2007 Jan
PubMed ID 17115333

The aim of this article is to report our experience with incidental detection of extracolonic tumors of the gastrointestinal tract identified prospectively at screening CT colonography.A total of 2014 patients (1097 females, 917 males; mean age, 56.9 years) underwent primary CT colonography evaluation at our institution over an 18-month period. Following cathartic preparation and colonic distention, supine and prone multidetector CT scans were obtained with thin-collimation low-dose technique without intravenous contrast. We reviewed our database for lesions of the extracolonic gastrointestinal tract that were detected during the prospective reading.Focal extracolonic gastrointestinal tract lesions were prospectively detected in 10 (0.5 percent) of 2014 patients (8 females; 2 males; mean age, 58.5 years). All patients were asymptomatic. Tumor locations included ileum (n = 3), stomach (n = 3), jejunum (n = 2), and appendix (n = 2). Mean tumor size was 2.2 (range, 0.8-3.4) cm. Lesions in eight patients were subsequently confirmed by conventional or capsule endoscopy and/or by intravenous contrast-enhanced CT. Seven lesions were surgically excised and one was removed at endoscopy; two patients with lipomas did not undergo further evaluation or treatment. Final diagnoses were benign in all cases and included lipoma (n = 3), small-bowel hamartoma (n = 2), appendiceal mucinous cystadenoma (n = 2), gastric leiomyoma (n = 1), small-bowel lymphangioma (n = 1), and gastric fundic gland polyp (n = 1).Incidental extracolonic tumors of the gastrointestinal tract detected at screening CT colonography were all asymptomatic and benign but often prompted more invasive workup. Although the incidence of these tumors was relatively low, widespread population screening with CT colonography would result in new surgical referrals for these findings. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System