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Authors Biro SM, Olson DL, Garren MJ, Gould JC
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Journal J. Surg. Res. Volume: 185 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-5
Publish Date 2013 Nov
PubMed ID 23845864

Before bariatric surgery, some patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) experience improvement in blood glucose control and reduced insulin requirements while on a preoperative low-calorie diet (LCD). We hypothesized that patients who exhibit a significant glycemic response to this diet are more likely to experience remission of their diabetes in the postoperative period.Insulin-dependent T2DM patients undergoing bariatric surgery between August 2006 and February 2011 were eligible for inclusion. Insulin requirements at day 0 and 10 of the LCD were compared. Patients with a ≥ 50% reduction in total insulin dosage to maintain appropriate blood glucose control were considered rapid responders to the preoperative LCD. All others were non-rapid responders. We analyzed T2DM remission rates up to 1 y postoperatively.A total of 51 patients met inclusion criteria and 29 were categorized as rapid responders (57%). The remaining 22 were considered non-rapid responders (43%). The two groups did not differ demographically. Rapid responders had greater T2DM remission rates at 6 (44% versus 13.6%; P = 0.02) and 12 mo (72.7% versus 5.9%; P < 0.01). In patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass, rapid responders showed greater excess weight loss at 3 mo (40.1% versus 28.2%; P < 0.01), 6 mo (55.2% versus 40.2%; P < 0.01), and 12 mo (67.7% versus 47.3%; P < 0.01).Insulin-dependent T2DM bariatric surgery patients who display a rapid glycemic response to the preoperative LCD are more likely to experience early remission of T2DM postoperatively and greater weight loss. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System