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Authors Sippel RS, Bianco J, Chen H
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Journal J. Bone Miner. Res. Volume: 18 Issue: 5 Pages: 939-42
Publish Date 2003 May
PubMed ID 12733736

One of the surgical options for symptomatic secondary hyperparathyroidism is a total parathyroidectomy with forearm implantation. Recurrence can occur and is most likely caused by hyperplasia of the small fragments of parathyroid tissue implanted in the forearm muscle. Forearm graft hyperplasia can be detected using Tc-99m sestamibi scanning of the forearm, which can show abnormal enhancement at the former graft site. In this report, we present the case of a 49-year-old gentleman with recurrent hyperparathyroidism caused by hyperplasia of forearm graft fragments. Unfortunately, no sutures or clips were placed at his initial surgery to identify the location of the parathyroid tissue in the forearm. Thus, we describe the first reported use of radioguided techniques using Tc-99m sestamibi injection and intraoperative gamma probe to localize parathyroid fragments in the forearm muscle. During our initial exploration, we found that injection of the tracer in the operative arm leads to prohibitively high levels of background activity. During a second exploration, the tracer was injected in the lower extremity, minimizing the background in the forearm and allowing the gamma probe to clearly identify two areas of abnormal parathyroid tissue. The intraoperative radioprobe allowed quick identification and removal of the abnormal parathyroid tissue in a case that was made particularly challenging by the absence of marking sutures. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System