|Authors||Petrashevskaya NN, Bodi I, Koch SE, Akhter SA, Schwartz A|
|Journal||Cardiovasc. Res. Volume: 63 Issue: 3 Pages: 561-72|
|Publish Date||2004 Aug 15|
Modulation of the transduction efficiency through G-protein coupled receptors, caused by external stimulation, is essential in designing antihypertrophic treatment strategies in the dysfunctional heart. We compared protein-kinase C (PKC)-dependent regulation of positive inotropic effect via alpha1-adrenoreceptor (ADR)/Gq protein in hyperdynamic versus hypertrophied myocardium.Inotropic (work performing isolated heart) and cellular effects of alpha1-adrenoreceptor stimulation were studied in nontransgenic (Ntg) and transgenic (Tg) mice with cardiac specific overexpression of L-type voltage-dependent calcium channels (L-type VDCC).Transgenic hyperdynamic and hypertrophic myocardium (due to overexpression of the L-type VDCC alpha1 subunit) were characterized by a lack of positive inotropic effect (PIE) to alpha1-ADR stimulation with phenylephrine (PE), as compared to a positive response in Ntg hearts. This was partially restored by PKC inhibition with chelerythrine and staurosporine only at the hyperdynamic stage. The inability of PKC inhibition to increase positive inotropy was associated with markedly decreased cardiac-specific caveolin-3 expression, and no changes in Galphaq, PLC-beta1, caveolin-1 and alpha1-adrenoreceptor expression.In the hyperdynamic myocardium, PKC activation may be one of the switches responsible for an impaired alpha1-adrenergic positive inotropic response. In the hypertrophied myocardium, the interruption of the transduction from Galphaq-protein coupled receptors to downstream effectors may be due to the down-regulation of caveolin-3 expression.