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Authors Gasior AC, Knott EM, Holcomb GW, Ostlie DJ, St Peter SD
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Journal J. Pediatr. Surg. Volume: 49 Issue: 1 Pages: 120-2; discussion 122
Publish Date 2014 Jan
PubMed ID 24439594

Single site laparoscopy for appendectomy is a technique with several case series suggesting a cosmetic advantage, but without prospective comparative data. We conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing single site laparoscopic appendectomy to the standard 3-port approach, including scar assessment at early and long-term follow-up.Enrolled patients over 12years old and parents of patients less than 12years old were asked to complete the validated Patient Scar Assessment Questionnaire (PSAQ) at early follow-up around 6weeks and by phone after 18months. The PSAQ consists of 4 scored subscales: Appearance, Consciousness, Appearance Satisfaction, and Symptom Satisfaction. Each subscale has a set of questions with a 4-point categorical response (1=most favorable, 4=least favorable). The sum of the scores quantifies each subscale.Early questionnaires were obtained from 98 3-port and 100 single-site patients with the single-site approach producing superior overall scar assessment (P=0.003). By telephone follow-up, questionnaires were completed by 49 3-port and 56 single-site patients at a median of 25 (18-32) months. In this longer-term follow-up, overall scar assessment was not significantly different between groups (P=0.06).Patients or parents express superior scar assessment with the single site approach at early follow-up, but this difference disappears in the long-term. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System