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Authors Hardin H, Guo Z, Shan W, Montemayor-Garcia C, Asioli S, Yu XM, Harrison AD, Chen H, Lloyd RV
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Journal Am. J. Pathol. Volume: 184 Issue: 8 Pages: 2342-54
Publish Date 2014 Aug
PubMed ID 24946010
PMC ID 4116695
Abstract

Thyroid carcinoma is the most common endocrine malignancy, and papillary thyroid carcinoma represents the most common thyroid cancer. Papillary thyroid carcinomas that invade locally or metastasize are associated with a poor prognosis. We found that, during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), papillary thyroid carcinoma cells acquired increased cancer stem cell-like features and the transcription factor paired-related homeobox protein 1 (PRRX1; alias PRX-1), a newly identified EMT inducer, was markedly up-regulated. miR-146b-5p was also transiently up-regulated during EMT, and in siRNA experiments miR-146b-5p had an inhibitory role on cell proliferation and invasion during TGF-β1-induced EMT. We conclude that papillary thyroid carcinoma tumor cells exhibit increased cancer stem cell-like features during TGF-β1-induced EMT, that miR-146b-5p has a role in cell proliferation and invasion, and that PRRX1 plays an important role in papillary thyroid carcinoma EMT and disease progression.

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