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Authors Spier BJ, Walker AJ, Cornett DD, Pfau PR, Halberg RB, Said A
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Journal Transpl. Int. Volume: 23 Issue: 12 Pages: 1233-8
Publish Date 2010 Dec
PubMed ID 21059109

The aim of this study was to evaluate the detection of colonic neoplasia in an average-risk population of SOT recipients. Studies regarding colonic neoplasia in solid organ transplantation (SOT) recipients have demonstrated mixed results due to the inclusion of above average-risk patients. We performed a case-control study of 102 average-risk SOT recipients who underwent screening colonoscopy, compared with an average-risk, age and sex-matched control group (n=287). Cancer rates were compared with an age-matched cohort from the National Cancer Institute’s Survival, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. There was no difference in number of patients with adenomas (P=1.00). There was no difference in polyps per patient (P=0.31). Although the number of advanced lesions (excluding adenocarcinoma) between groups did not differ (P=0.25), there were two adenocarcinomas identified in the SOT group and none in the control group (P=0.068). Detection of colorectal cancer was an unexpected finding in the SOT cohort and was more likely when compared to age-matched cancer incidence generated by the SEER database. These results suggest no increased adenoma detection in SOT recipients, but with more cases of colorectal cancer than anticipated. Given previous, larger, transplant database studies demonstrating increased colorectal cancer rates, more frequent screening may be justified. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System