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Authors Martin RC, Mbah NA, St Hill R, Kooby D, Weber S, Scoggins CR, Maithel SK
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Journal World J Surg Volume: 39 Issue: 6 Pages: 1519-26
Publish Date 2015 Jun
PubMed ID 25665672

To compare outcomes of laparoscopic versus open hepatic resection (OHR) exclusively for hepatocellular carcinoma in terms of morbidity and cost.Laparoscopic hepatic resection (LHR) has become more prevalent with recent improvements in instrumentation and surgeon experience.A review of multicenter, prospectively collected hepatobiliary databases from three institutions was performed from 12/1990 to 12/2009. Prospective evaluation of all patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatocellular cancer was performed.A total of 354 patients who had resections for Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were analyzed, 100 were performed laparoscopically. The two groups were similar in terms of demographics and comorbidities. Evaluation of outcomes showed significantly higher intraoperative estimated blood loss although postoperative transfusion rates were similar. The incidence of any complication (44 vs 44%, p = 0.23) and 90-day mortality (6 vs 6%, p = 0.8) were similar between the two groups, with a similar reoperation rate (4.0 vs. 2.4%; p = 0.9). Using Cox regression analysis, the laparoscopic approach had no effect on disease-free interval (OR 1.4, CI 0.31-6.3, p = 0.66) or overall survival (HR 1.2, CI 0.59-2.5 p = 0.6). Length of stay was significantly shorter in the laparoscopic group 6.2 vs. 9.3 days (p = 0.001). Adjusted operative charges ($41 vs. $39 k, p = 0.601) and adjusted total hospital charges ($71 vs. $82 k, p = 0.368) were similar in LHR versus OHR.Our study confirms previous literature showing comparable perioperative outcomes and recurrence. We further show comparable cost with laparoscopic versus open liver resection for HCC. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System