|Authors||Inagi K, Ford CN, Bless DM, Heisey D|
|Journal||J Voice Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 306-13|
|Publish Date||1996 Sep|
This study was designed to investigate how variations in patterns of injection could improve the efficacy of botulinum toxin injections in relieving the symptoms of adductor spasmodic dysphonia. A total of 64 adductor spasmodic dysphonia patients who were injected using indirect laryngoscopic localization (for a total of 426 injections) were analyzed retrospectively using their own subjective data on duration of voice improvement, optimal voice improvement, breathiness side effects, and intervals between treatments. Injection to both the thyroarytenoid (TA) and the lateral cricoarytenoid (LCA) simultaneously gave the best voice results; the overall improvement from baseline was the longest lasting, and the period during which the voice was the best was the longest lasting. TA+LCA also gave the shortest duration of undesirable breathiness side effect. On the basis of these data, it seems reasonable to recommend that initial botulinum toxin therapy for adductor spasmodic dysphonia patients should be a single unilateral injection placed strategically at the posterior portion of the TA and directed toward the LCA so that both muscle groups are affected.