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Authors Macke RA, Schuchert MJ, Odell DD, Wilson DO, Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ
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Journal J Cardiothorac Surg Volume: 10 Pages: 49
Publish Date 2015
PubMed ID 25888465
PMC ID 4382835
Abstract

A suggested benefit of sublobar resection for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared to lobectomy is a relative preservation of pulmonary function. Very little objective data exist, however, supporting this supposition. We sought to evaluate the relative impact of both anatomic segmental and lobar resection on pulmonary function in patients with resected clinical stage I NSCLC.The records of 159 disease-free patients who underwent anatomic segmentectomy (n = 89) and lobectomy (n = 70) for the treatment of stage I NSCLC with pre- and postoperative pulmonary function tests performed between 6 to 36 months after resection were retrospectively reviewed. Changes in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) were analyzed based upon the number of anatomic pulmonary segments removed: 1-2 segments (n = 77) or 3-5 segments (n = 82).Preoperative pulmonary function was worse in the lesser resection cohort (1-2 segments) compared to the greater resection group (3-5 segments) (FEV1: 79% vs. 85%, p = 0.038; DLCO: 63% vs. 73%, p = 0.010). A greater decline in FEV1 was noted in patients undergoing resection of 3-5 segments (FEV1 (observed): 0.1 L vs. 0.3 L, p = 0.003; and FEV1 (% predicted): 4.3% vs. 8.2%, p = 0.055). Changes in DLCO followed this same trend (DLCO: 1.3 vs. 2.4 mL/min/mmHg, p = 0.015; and DLCO: 3.6% vs. 5.9%, p = 0.280).Parenchymal-sparing resections resulted in better preservation of pulmonary function at a median of one year, suggesting a long-term functional benefit with small anatomic segmental resections (1-2 segments). Prospective studies to evaluate measurable functional changes, as well as quality of life, between segmentectomy and lobectomy with a larger patient cohort appear justified.

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