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Authors Bennett KM, Scarborough JE, Pappas TN, Kepler TB
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Journal Ann. Surg. Volume: 252 Issue: 3 Pages: 552-7; discussion 557-8
Publish Date 2010 Sep
PubMed ID 20739856

To evaluate the impact of patient socioeconomic status (SES) on operative mortality within the context of associated factors.Outcomes disparities among surgical patients are a significant concern. Previous studies have suggested that the correlation between SES and outcomes is attributable to other patient- or hospital-level explanatory factors such as race or hospital wealth. These studies have typically focused on a single explanation for the existence of these inequalities.Analyzing more than 1 million records of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we used multimodel inference to evaluate the effects of socioeconomic predictors on surgical mortality.Using univariate and multivariate logistic regression, we find that patient’s SES is a strong predictor of operative mortality. Multivariate regressions incorporated many additional hospital- and patient-level covariates. A single-level increase in patient SES results in a mean decrease in operative mortality risk of 7.1%.SES at the level of the individual patient has a statistically significant effect on operative mortality. Mortality is greatest among patients in the lowest socioeconomic strata. The effect of patient SES on mortality is not mitigated by other explanatory hospital- or patient-level factors. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System