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Authors Kahaleh M, Sundaram V, Condron SL, De La Rue SA, Hall JD, Tokar J, Friel CM, Foley EF, Adams RB, Yeaton P
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Journal Gastrointest. Endosc. Volume: 66 Issue: 1 Pages: 52-9
Publish Date 2007 Jul
PubMed ID 17324415

Management of biliary leaks includes ERCP and stent placement. The ability to temporarily place a partially covered self-expandable metallic stent (CSEMS) might offer an advantage in the treatment of biliary leaks.We analyzed our 2 years’ experience when using this innovative technique.Patients in whom a previous ERCP had failed to resolve a bile leak or patients with severe comorbidities were offered CSEMS and were followed prospectively for clinical and radiologic responses.Tertiary-care center with long-standing experience of using CSEMS.A total of 16 patients were included. Of these, 7 had previously undergone unsuccessful plastic stent placement, 3 had previously failed ERCP, and 7 had severe comorbidities that prevented multiple interventions.ERCP with placement of a CSEMS covering the cystic duct take-off in the case of a cystic-stump leak. CSEMS were removed after resolution of the leak.Efficacy and safety of the CSEMS in bile leaks; complications were also evaluated.Of the patients studied, 15 responded to CSEMS placement with complete resolution of the leak on imaging. One patient with partial cholecystectomy relapsed and underwent drainage; another patient responded to the treatment but required revision because of migration. CSEMS were left in place for a median time of 3 months (range, 1-17 months). Complications included 1 proximal and 1 distal migration.Pilot study from a single center.CSEMS is an excellent option in this subgroup of patients not responding to plastic stent placement or with severe comorbidities. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System