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Authors Yu Y, Si Y, Bechler SL, Liu B, Lynn DM
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Journal Biomacromolecules Volume: 16 Issue: 9 Pages: 2998-3007
Publish Date 2015 Sep 14
PubMed ID 26285737
PMC ID 4753844

We report a layer-by-layer approach to the fabrication of thin polymer-based multilayers that release DNA rapidly in physiologically relevant environments. This approach exploits the properties of a weak anionic polyelectrolyte [poly(acrylic acid); PAA] to disrupt ionic interactions and promote disassembly in coatings that otherwise erode slowly. We investigated this approach using multilayers fabricated from plasmid DNA and linear poly(ethylenimine) (LPEI), a model synthetic cationic polymer used widely for DNA delivery. LPEI/DNA multilayers erode and release DNA slowly over ∼4 days when incubated in PBS buffer. In contrast, substitution of every other layer of DNA with PAA lead to thin films that released DNA rapidly, with >60% being released in the first 5 min. These quick-release coatings release bioactive DNA and can be used to fabricate uniform coatings on a variety of objects, including the tips of inflatable balloon catheters. We demonstrate that these coatings can promote high levels of cell transfection in vitro and the robust contact transfer and expression of DNA in vascular tissue in vivo using a rat model of vascular injury. These materials provide useful alternatives to multilayers and other coatings that promote the prolonged release of DNA. More broadly, approaches that depart from the use of degradable polymers to promote film erosion create opportunities to design new gene delivery coatings using a broader range of polymer-based building blocks designed for other gene delivery applications. With further development, this approach could thus provide a new and useful platform for the rapid contact transfer of DNA to cells and tissues of interest in a range of fundamental and applied contexts.

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