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Authors Meisel JA, Fallon EM, Le HD, Nehra D, de Meijer VE, Rodig SJ, Puder M
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Journal Surgery Volume: 150 Issue: 1 Pages: 32-8
Publish Date 2011 Jul
PubMed ID 21507447
Abstract

Postoperative abdominal adhesions are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. We previously demonstrated the inhibitory effect of sunitinib, a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, on adhesion formation in a murine model, and now investigate its effects in a rabbit model.Forty New Zealand White rabbits underwent a standard adhesion procedure. Preoperatively, animals were randomized to treatment with sunitinib or saline (control). Animals were treated with a total of 11 daily doses, 1 preoperative and 10 postoperative. One group of 20 animals (group 1) was humanely killed on postoperative day 10, and the other (group 2) on postoperative day 30. After killing, adhesions were scored and abdominal wounds were collected for tensile strength and microvessel density measurements.Sunitinib-treated animals in group 1 had a mean tenacity score of 1.67 ± 0.29 compared with 3.60 ± 0.16 in control animals (P < .01). Similarly, the mean tenacity scores for sunitinib-treated and control animals in group 2 were 0.20 ± 0.20 and 2.70 ± 0.37, respectively (P < .01). The mean uterine involvement scores for sunitinib-treated and control animals in group 1 were 1.44 ± 0.29 and 3.70 ± 0.15, respectively (P < .01), and in group 2 were 0.10 ± 0.10 and 2.70 ± 0.45, respectively (P < .01). There were no differences in ultimate or modular wound tensile strength between sunitinib-treated and control animals.Sunitinib significantly reduces postoperative adhesions in a rabbit model. This therapy may improve postoperative adhesion-related morbidity and mortality.

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