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Authors Lee S, Kim S, Le HD, Meisel J, Strijbosch RA, Nose V, Puder M
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Journal J. Pediatr. Surg. Volume: 43 Issue: 11 Pages: 2010-5
Publish Date 2008 Nov
PubMed ID 18970933
Abstract

Bile duct obstruction and subsequent cholestasis produces hepatocellular injury and an inflammatory response. Fatty acid constitution of cell membranes plays a major role in the inflammatory cascade. Omega-3 fatty acids are antiinflammatory. We proposed that omega-3 fatty acid supplementation would reduce hepatocellular damage and cell death in a model of murine common bile duct ligation.Mice underwent bile duct ligation and were administered either control soy diet (omega-6) or Menhaden diet (omega-3), and parameters of liver injury were measured at postoperative days 1, 4, and 8. Serum was analyzed for liver function tests. Liver tissue was scored for histologic necrosis and inflammation, and apoptosis was qualitatively measured.At day 8, comparing control and Menhaden, liver function tests were not significantly different. The H&E slides were analyzed and scored. At day 4, the mean necrosis scores for the Menhaden-fed group was 0.01 +/- 0.028 and 0.46 +/- 0.108 for the soy-fed group (P = .001) and at day 8, 0.420 +/- 0.107 and 1.22 +/- 0.132 (P < .001). The mean portal inflammation score for day 4 Menhaden-fed and soy-fed mice was 1.40 +/- 0.245 for both groups (P = 1.00) and for day 8, 1.80 +/- 0.200 and 2.80 +/- 0.200 (P = .008). At day 1, the median terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick end labeling scores of the Menhaden vs soy group were 6.0 and 0.0 (P < .001); day 4, 24.0 and 3.0 (P < .001); and day 8, 0.0 and 3.0 (P < .001), respectively.Although there appears to be a trend toward biochemical protection and a marked reduction of necrosis and inflammation, there was no significant liver function test difference between control and Menhaden groups. Considering our data of blunted histologic hepatotoxicity with omega-3 fatty acid supplementation, we hypothesize that this may be a method of reducing long-term complications of liver injury secondary to diseases of cholestasis such as biliary atresia, namely fibrosis and cirrhosis.

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