|Authors||Kruser JM, Taylor LJ, Campbell TC, Zelenski A, Johnson SK, Nabozny MJ, Steffens NM, Tucholka JL, Kwekkeboom KL, Schwarze ML|
|Journal||J Pain Symptom Manage|
|Publish Date||2017 Jan 03|
Older adults often have surgery in the months preceding death, which can initiate post-operative treatments inconsistent with end-of-life values. “Best Case/Worst Case” (BC/WC) is a communication tool designed to promote goal-concordant care during discussions about high-risk surgery.To evaluate a structured training program designed to teach surgeons how to use BC/WC.Twenty-five surgeons from one tertiary-care hospital completed a two-hour training session followed by individual coaching. We audio recorded surgeons using BC/WC with standardized patients and 20 hospitalized patients. Hospitalized patients and their families participated in an open-ended interview 30 to 120 days after enrollment. We used a checklist of 11 BC/WC elements to measure tool fidelity and surgeons completed the Practitioner Opinion Survey to measure acceptability of the tool. We used qualitative analysis to evaluate variability in tool content and to characterize patient and family perceptions of the tool.Surgeons completed a median of 10 out of 11 BC/WC elements with both standardized and hospitalized patients (range 5 to 11). We found moderate variability in presentation of treatment options and description of outcomes. Three months after training, 79% of surgeons reported BC/WC is better than their usual approach and 71% endorsed active use of BC/WC in clinical practice. Patients and families found that BC/WC established expectations, provided clarity and facilitated deliberation.Surgeons can learn to use BC/WC with older patients considering acute high-risk surgical interventions. Surgeons, patients, and family members endorse BC/WC as a strategy to support complex decision making.