|Authors||Kaiura TL, Itoh H, Kent KC|
|Journal||J. Surg. Res. Volume: 84 Issue: 2 Pages: 212-7|
|Publish Date||1999 Jun 15|
After evaluating various growth factors, cytokines, and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, we found that the most potent agonists of smooth muscle cell (SMC) fibronectin (Fn) production were transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and epidermal growth factor (EGF). To determine the possible signaling pathways involved in the production of this matrix protein, we investigated the role of the intracellular proteins, protein kinase C (PKC) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP-K), in TGF-beta- and EGF-induced human vascular SMC Fn production.After stimulation of human SMCs with TGF-beta (10 ng/ml) and EGF (100 ng/ml), Fn in the cell medium was assayed by immunoblotting using a specific antibody. PKC was activated by brief stimulation of SMC with phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) and inhibited by downregulation with PDBu or the inhibitor, GF109203X. MAP-K was inhibited with PD098059.PKC activation increased basal and synergistically enhanced TGF-beta- and EGF-induced Fn production. However, inhibition of PKC by downregulation and GF109203X did not diminish Fn production by TGF-beta and EGF. Surprisingly, these two methods of inhibition slightly increased basal and agonist-induced Fn production. The MAP-K kinase inhibitor, PD098059, produced an almost complete inhibition of EGF and a partial inhibition of TGF-beta-induced Fn production.Activation of PKC stimulates Fn production; however, neither TGF-beta nor EGF produce Fn through a PKC-dependent pathway. EGF and TGF-beta both stimulate Fn production at least in part through the intracellular signaling protein MAP-K. Understanding the signaling pathways involved in extracellular matrix protein production will allow the design of specific inhibitors of intimal hyperplasia.