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Authors Nagai H, Ota F, Connor NP
Lab(s)
Journal Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. Volume: 114 Issue: 5 Pages: 352-60
Publish Date 2005 May
PubMed ID 15966521
Abstract

Swallowing deficits in elderly people are significant clinical problems and may be associated with impaired pharyngolaryngeal sensation. However, the extent to which sensory innervation affects the motor system is unclear. Our purpose was to examine differences in biochemical properties of laryngeal muscles following sensory nerve ablation. We used sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to evaluate laryngeal muscles of young and old Fischer 344/Brown Norway rats, and rats that underwent sensory ablation via bilateral section of the superior laryngeal nerve, internal branch (SLNi), or mixed sensory-motor nerve ablation via left-sided recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) section. In lateral thyroarytenoid muscle, a reduction was found in the proportion of the most rapidly contracting myosin heavy chain isoform (type 2B) with SLNi section, RLN section, and aging. Section of the SLNi did not alter the proportion of any myosin heavy chain isoform within the lateral cricoarytenoid or posterior cricoarytenoid muscles, but RLN section resulted in a reduction in the proportion of type 2B. Accordingly, alteration in biochemical properties of the lateral thyroarytenoid muscle alone was demonstrated following sensory ablation. We conclude that sensory changes may affect properties of laryngeal muscles, and may thus have an impact on motor control during critical functions, such as airway protection during swallowing.

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