|Authors||Zeitels SM, Franco RA, Dailey SH, Burns JA, Hillman RE, Anderson RR|
|Journal||Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. Volume: 113 Issue: 4 Pages: 265-76|
|Publish Date||2004 Apr|
Treatment of glottal papillomatosis and dysplasia was mirror-guided and performed in surgeons’ offices in the 19th century. It migrated to the operating room in the 20th century to accommodate direct laryngoscopic surgery, which required assistants to administer anesthesia and procedural support. Presently, the primary treatment goals, which are disease regression and voice restoration or maintenance, are tempered by the morbidity of general anesthesia and potential treatment-induced vocal deterioration. In fact, general anesthesia has been appropriately considered to be an acceptable source of morbidity for the promise of a precise procedure, which usually ensures airway safety and an optimal vocal outcome. However, patients with recurrent glottal papillomatosis and keratosis with dysplasia are typically monitored with various degrees of watchful waiting until there is a subjective judgment (on the part of the patient and surgeon) that the disease is more of a liability than is the procedure to treat it. Innovations in the 585-nm pulsed dye laser delivery system have allowed for its use in the clinic with local anesthesia through the working channel of a flexible fiberoptic laryngoscope. A prospective assessment was done on 51 patients in 82 cases of recurrent glottal papillomatosis (30) and dysplasia (52). All individuals had previously undergone microlaryngoscopic management with histopathologic evaluation. Five procedures could not be completed because of impaired exposure (2) or discomfort (3). Of those patients who could be treated, there was at least a 50% disease involution in 68 of 77 cases (88%) and 25% to 50% disease regression in the remaining 9 (12%). Patient self-assessment of the voice revealed that 34 of 77 were improved, 39 were unchanged, 4 were slightly worse, and none were substantially worse. These data confirm that diseased mucosa can be normalized without resection or substantial loss of vocal function. The putative mechanisms, which vary according to the fluence (energy) delivered by the laser, are photoangiolysis of sublesional microcirculation. denaturing of epithelial basement membrane linking proteins, and cellular destruction. Furthermore, this relatively safe, effective technique allowed for treatment of many patients (in a clinic setting) in whom classic surgery-related morbidity would have often delayed intervention.