|Authors||Tao C, Jiang JJ|
|Journal||J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Volume: 120 Issue: 3 Pages: 1570-7|
|Publish Date||2006 Sep|
In this paper, a finite-element model is used to simulate anterior-posterior biphonation [Neubauer et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 110(6), 3179-3192 (2001)]. The anterior-posterior stiffness asymmetric factor and the anterior-posterior shape asymmetric factor describe the asymmetry properties of vocal folds. Spatiotemporal plot, spectral analysis, anterior-posterior fundamental frequency ratio, cross covariation function, and correlation length quantitatively estimate the spatial asymmetry of vocal fold oscillations. Calculation results show that the anterior-posterior stiffness asymmetry decreases the spatial coherence of vocal fold vibration. When the stiffness asymmetry reaches a certain level, the drop in spatial coherence desynchronizes the vibration modes. The anterior and posterior sides of the vocal fold oscillate with two independent fundamental frequencies (f(a) and f(p)). The complex spectral characteristics of vocal fold vibration under biphonation conditions can be explained by the linear combination of f(a) and f(p). Empirical orthogonal eigenfunctions prove the existence of higher-order anterior-posterior modes when anterior-posterior biphonation occurs. Then, it is found that the anterior-posterior shape asymmetry also decreases the spatial coherence of vocal fold vibration, and shape asymmetry is a possible reason for anterior-posterior biphonation.