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Authors Baker JC, Ostrander JH, Lem S, Broadwater G, Bean GR, D'Amato NC, Goldenberg VK, Rowell C, Ibarra-Drendall C, Grant T, Pilie PG, Vasilatos SN, Troch MM, Scott V, Wilke LG, Paisie C, Rabiner SM, Torres-Hernandez A, Zalles CM, Seewaldt VL
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Journal Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. Volume: 17 Issue: 8 Pages: 1884-90
Publish Date 2008 Aug
PubMed ID 18708376
PMC ID 2717700

Currently, we lack biomarkers to predict whether high-risk women with mammary atypia will respond to tamoxifen chemoprevention.Thirty-four women with cytologic mammary atypia from the Duke University High-Risk clinic were offered tamoxifen chemoprevention. We tested whether ESR1 promoter hypermethylation and/or estrogen receptor (ER) protein expression by immunohistochemistry predicted persistent atypia in 18 women who were treated with tamoxifen for 12 months and in 16 untreated controls.We observed a statistically significant decrease in the Masood score of women on tamoxifen chemoprevention for 12 months compared with control women. This was a significant interaction effect of time (0, 6, and 12 months) and treatment group (tamoxifen versus control) P = 0.0007. However, neither ESR1 promoter hypermethylation nor low ER expression predicted persistent atypia in Random Periareolar Fine Needle Aspiration after 12 months tamoxifen prevention.Results from this single institution pilot study provide evidence that, unlike for invasive breast cancer, ESR1 promoter hypermethylation and/or low ER expression is not a reliable marker of tamoxifen-resistant atypia.

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