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Advanced Evaluation and Management of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Advanced Evaluation and Management of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea — Beyond Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy
Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is a spectrum of disorders ranging from the relatively minor primary snoring and upper airway resistance syndrome to the more severe obstructive hypoventilation and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). These disorders are associated with varying degrees of snoring, increased respiratory effort, sleep disruption, and alterations of gas exchange. Nighttime signs and symptoms of OSA include snoring/noisy breathing with sleep, more effortful breathing, and witnessed apneas. Restless sleep, frequent awakening, night sweating, and nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting) are also associated with OSA. These issues are fairly common in children: The estimated prevalence of any degree of sleep-disordered breathing is 4-11% and the prevalence of OSA is 1-4%.
Behavioral and cognitive consequences of OSA
- Archive: February 2016 Advanced Evaluation and Management of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea