As the second most populous country in sub-Saharan Africa, the need for health care services in Ethiopia is substantial. With 46% of the over 93 million people in the country accounted for by children 0-14 years of age, the need for pediatric emergency care is immense. Population growth coupled with increased urbanization, inadequate sanitation, underlying malnutrition, infrastructure challenges, limited access to preventative care and high rates of road traffic accidents result in an ever increasing need for emergency pediatric care. Despite the substantial need, minimal infrastructure to support pediatric emergency care has existed in Ethiopia.
In the fall of 2010, AAU/TASH, the UW, and P2P developed a plan and collaborated to strengthen pediatric emergency & critical care at AAU/TASH. The goal of the partnership was to enhance and strengthen pediatric emergency & critical care by building institutional and human resource capacity. Partnership activities have included work plan meetings, bidirectional exchanges of pediatric faculty & nurses, the development of a competency-based pediatric emergency medicine fellowship training program (with elements implemented in both the US and Ethiopia), quality improvement (QI) & leadership training, implementation of QI projects and short-courses in pediatric emergency & critical care.