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Authors Long KL, Spears C, Kenady DE
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Journal J Surg Case Rep Volume: 2013 Issue: 9
Publish Date 2013 Sep 11
PubMed ID 24963902
PMC ID 3813768

Branchial cleft anomalies are a common cause of lateral neck masses and may present with infection, cyst enlargement or fistulas. They may affect any of the nearby neck structures, causing compressive symptoms or vessel thrombosis. We present a case of a branchial cleft cyst in a 10-year-old boy who had been present for 1year. At the time of operation, the cyst was found to completely envelop the hypoglossal nerve. While reports of hypoglossal nerve palsies due to external compression from cysts are known, we believe this to be the first report of direct nerve involvement by a branchial cleft cyst.

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