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Authors DiMusto PD, Rademacher BL, Philip JL, Akhter SA, Goodavish CB, De Oliveira NC, Tang PC
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Journal J. Surg. Res. Volume: 213 Pages: 39-45
Publish Date 2017 Jun 01
PubMed ID 28601330

This study compares the morphology and outcomes of acute retrograde type A dissections (RTADs) with acute antegrade type A dissections (ATADs), and acute type B dissections.From 2000 to 2016, there were 12 acute RTADs, 96 ATADs, and 92 type B dissections with available imaging. Dissections were characterized using computerized tomography angiography images. We examined clinical features, tear characteristics, and various morphologic measurements.Compared with acute type B dissections, RTAD primary tears were more common in the distal arch (75% versus 43%, P = 0.04), and the false-to-true lumen contrast intensity ratio at the mid-descending thoracic aorta was lower (0.46 versus 0.71, P = 0.020). RTAD had less false lumen decompression because there were fewer aortic branch vessels distal to the subclavian that were perfused through the false lumen (0.40 versus 2.19, P < 0.001). Compared with ATAD, RTAD had less root involvement where root true-to-total lumen area ratio was higher (0.88 versus 0.76, P = 0.081). Furthermore, RTAD had a lower false-to-true lumen contrast intensity ratio at the root (0.25 versus 0.57, P < 0.05), ascending aorta (0.25 versus 0.72, P < 0.001), and proximal arch (0.39 versus 0.67, P < 0.05). RTAD were more likely to undergo aortic valve resuspension (100% versus 74%, P = 0.044).RTAD tends to occur when primary tears occur in close proximity to the aortic arch and when false lumen decompression through the distal aortic branches are less effective. Compared with ATAD, RTAD has less root involvement, and successful aortic valve resuspension is more likely. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System