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Authors Ko HC, Chen S, Wieland AM, Yu M, Baschnagel AM, Hartig GK, Harari PM, Witek ME
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Journal Head Neck Volume: 39 Issue: 11 Pages: 2159-2170
Publish Date 2017 Nov
PubMed ID 28737019
PMC ID 5647211
Abstract

There is a paucity of data regarding head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) and N3 nodal disease.Retrospective analysis of patients with N3 HNSCC identified in the National Cancer Database (NCDB) was performed.We identified 4867 patients with N3 HNSCC treated with primary surgery or chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Propensity-adjusted median survival was 54.2 and 44.8 months for surgery and CRT, respectively (P = .06). Oropharyngeal primary subsite demonstrated a survival advantage with surgery versus CRT with propensity-adjusted median survivals of 86.0 and 61.9 months, respectively (P < .05).Management of N3 HNSCC relies largely on CRT. Patients with N3 nodal disease with nonoropharyngeal primary tumors exhibit 5-year overall survival approaching 30% independent of initial treatment modality. Patients with oropharyngeal primaries exhibit improved outcomes with surgery largely influenced by the human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative subset. These data represent the most comprehensive analysis of N3 HNSCC outcomes and serves as a foundation for future research and clinical management.

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