Dawn M. Elfenbein, MD, MPH, FACS

Associate Professor

  • Division of Endocrine Surgery
  • Medical Student Clerkship Director

(608) 263-1387

  • Administrative Assistant: (608) 263-1387

Clinical Sciences Center
600 Highland Avenue
Madison, WI 53792-7375


  • MD, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 2006
  • MPH, University of North Carolina, 2009
  • Research Postdoctoral Fellowship, Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, 2010
  • General Surgery Residency, Duke University Hospital, 2013
  • Endocrine Surgery Fellowship, University of Wisconsin, 2015
  • Surgical Education Research Fellowship, Association for Surgical Education, 2015

Clinical Specialties

Dr. Elfenbein is a board certified general surgeon with fellowship training in Endocrine Surgery. She is a high-volume endocrine surgeon who treats diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands. She has a particular interest in treatment decision making in benign inflammatory thyroid conditions such as Graves’ disease, but is an expert in all aspects of endocrine surgery including thyroid cancer. She uses several state of the art techniques to treat surgical endocrine disorders (radioguided parathyroidectomy, minimally invasive parathyroidectomy, laparoscopic adrenalectomy, retroperitoneal adrenalectomy, minimally invasive thyroidectomy, four-gland parathyroid exploration, and treatment of recurrent or persistent hyperparathyroidism).

Research Interests

Dr. Elfenbein’s main research focus is on surgical education. She is working to address clinical teaching effectiveness across the spectrum of medical student and resident education. This work uses a multidisciplinary, collaborative approach to develop teaching effectiveness tools that are reliable and valid, but also easy to put into place.

She also conducts clinical research working on Graves’ disease and other inflammatory thyroid diseases, hyperparathyroidism, thyroid cancer, and adrenal disorders.

Recent Publications

  • Surgery Acting Internship Individual Learning Plans: Fostering Mentorship in the COVID-19 Era.
    L'Huillier JC, Larson SL, Awe AM, Cook DS, Elfenbein DM
    J Surg Educ 2022 Jul-Aug; 79(4): 918-927
    [PubMed ID: 35337762]

  • Evaluating Discrimination of ACS-NSQIP Surgical Risk Calculator in Thyroidectomy Patients.
    Hsiao V, Elfenbein DM, Pitt SC, Long KL, Sippel RS, Schneider DF
    J Surg Res 2022 03; 271: 137-144
    [PubMed ID: 34896939]

  • Nerve monitoring decreases recurrent laryngeal nerve injury risk for neoplasm-related thyroidectomy.
    Duong W, Grigorian A, Farzaneh C, Elfenbein D, Yamamoto M, Rosenbaum K, Lekawa M, Nahmias J
    Am J Surg 2022 05; 223(5): 918-922
    [PubMed ID: 34715986]

  • What Does Honors Mean? National Analysis of Medical School Clinical Clerkship Grading.
    Ramakrishnan D, Van Le-Bucklin K, Saba T, Leverson G, Kim JH, Elfenbein DM
    J Surg Educ 2022 Jan-Feb; 79(1): 157-164
    [PubMed ID: 34526257]

  • What is the experience of our patients with transient hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy?
    Doubleday AR, Robbins SE, Macdonald CL, Elfenbein DM, Connor NP, Sippel RS
    Surgery 2021 01; 169(1): 70-76
    [PubMed ID: 32654859]

All Publications on PubMed