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Authors Castleberry AW, Clary BM, Migaly J, Worni M, Ferranti JM, Pappas TN, Scarborough JE
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Journal Ann. Surg. Oncol. Volume: 20 Issue: 12 Pages: 3715-24
Publish Date 2013 Nov
PubMed ID 23864306

Complex, oncologic surgery is an important component of resident education. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of resident participation in oncologic procedures on overall 30-day morbidity and mortality.A retrospective cohort analysis was performed using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant User Files for 2005-2009. Colorectal, hepatopancreaticobiliary, and gastroesophageal oncology procedures were included. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the impact of trainee involvement on 30-day morbidity and mortality after adjusting for potential confounders.A total of 77,862 patients were included for analysis, 53,885 (69.2%) involving surgical trainees and 23,977 (30.8%) without trainees. The overall 30-day morbidity was significantly higher in the trainee group [27.2 vs. 21%, adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.19, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.24, p < 0.0001)]; however, there was significantly lower 30-day postoperative mortality in the trainee group (1.9 vs. 2.1%, AOR 0.87, 95% CI 0.77-0.98, p = 0.02) and significantly lower failure-to-rescue rate (defined as mortality rate among patients suffering one or more postoperative complications) (5.9 vs. 7.6%, AOR 0.79, 95% CI 0.68-0.90, p = 0.001). The overall 30-day morbidity was highest in the PGY 5 level (29%) compared to 24% for PGY 1 or 2 and 23% for PGY 3 (AOR per level increase 1.05, 95% CI 1.03-1.07, p < 0.0001).Trainee participation in complex, oncologic surgery is associated with significantly higher rates of 30-day postoperative complications in NSQIP-participating hospitals; however, this effect is countered by overall lower 30-day mortality and improved rescue rate in preventing death among patients suffering complications. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System