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Authors Scalea JR, Redfield RR, Muth BL, Mohamed M, Wilson NA, Ellis TM, Kaufman DB, Djamali A
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Journal Clin Transplant Volume: 29 Issue: 12 Pages: 1090-7
Publish Date 2015 Dec
PubMed ID 26361077

There is a paucity of data stratifying by age the incidence of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in kidney transplant patients.We performed a retrospective study of all adult, renal transplant recipients at a single institution between December 12, 2009, and March 16, 2011. Mildly and moderately sensitized patients were defined as patients with positive donor-specific antibody (DSA) and negative flow cross-match.One hundred and forty-six patients were determined to have mild to moderate pre-transplantation sensitization. Thirty percent of patients younger than 40 yr of age experienced AMR vs. 15% in the older group (p = 0.04). There was a disproportionate increase in DSA for younger patients at 12 months, particularly for antibodies to class II. Histologic presence of C4d deposition was independently associated with AMR on multivariate analysis.Following renal transplantation, moderately sensitized patients aged 40 yr old and older were less likely to develop AMR when compared with younger patients. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System