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Authors Smith BK, Adsit RT, Jorenby DE, Matsumura JS, Fiore MC
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Journal Int J Cardiovasc Res Volume: 4 Issue: 5
Publish Date 2015
PubMed ID 26566531
PMC ID 4638324

Identification of hospitalized patients who smoke has shown significant improvement in recent years, but provision of evidence-based tobacco cessation treatment remains a challenge. This study evaluated the utilization of an electronic health record (EHR) to facilitate implementation of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for smoking cessation on a vascular surgery inpatient unit.A pre-and post-intervention cohort study was conducted over 6 months at a single academic medical center with a comprehensive EHR. All patients admitted to the vascular surgery service and documented as current smokers were included. A vascular surgery discharge order set with an evidence-based smoking cessation module was developed and implemented. The primary outcome was prescription of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) at the time of discharge. The secondary outcome was referral for smoking cessation counseling at the time of discharge.There were 52 and 42 smokers in the pre-and post-intervention cohorts, respectively. Over the 3 months following implementation of the EHR order set, prescription of NRT at the time of discharge did not change significantly (27% vs 19%, p=0.30). Referral for outpatient smoking cessation counseling increased in the post-intervention group, but did not reach significance (64% vs 72%, p=0.20).Implementation of a brief tobacco dependence treatment order set in an existing EHR increased cessation counseling referrals on a vascular surgery inpatient unit. One potential limitation of the study was the modest sample size. Not being able to make smoking cessation treatment a mandatory component in discharge orders may also have contributed to the modest effect. Assessing the differential effect of EHR-based order implementation will be important in future research on this topic.

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