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Authors Crandell JL, Voils CI, Chang Y, Sandelowski M
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Journal Qual Quant Volume: 45 Issue: 3 Pages: 653-669
Publish Date 2011 Apr
PubMed ID 21572970
PMC ID 3092168

The possible utility of Bayesian methods for the synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research has been repeatedly suggested but insufficiently investigated. In this project, we developed and used a Bayesian method for synthesis, with the goal of identifying factors that influence adherence to HIV medication regimens. We investigated the effect of 10 factors on adherence. Recognizing that not all factors were examined in all studies, we considered standard methods for dealing with missing data and chose a Bayesian data augmentation method. We were able to summarize, rank, and compare the effects of each of the 10 factors on medication adherence. This is a promising methodological development in the synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research.

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