|Authors||Hennon MW, Kothari A, Maloney JD, Weigel T|
|Journal||J. Surg. Res. Volume: 170 Issue: 1 Pages: e17-21|
|Publish Date||2011 Sep|
Many centers have adapted an Acuity Adaptable Cardiothoracic Unit (AACU) to fast track cardiac surgery patients, yet few data exist on the impact of such a unit on general thoracic surgery outcomes. We examined the effects of implementing an Acuity Adaptable Cardiothoracic Unit on patients undergoing major pulmonary resections.We reviewed data from an IRB-approved, prospective thoracic surgery database for patients during the 3-y periods pre- and post-adoption of an Acuity Adaptable Cardiothoracic Unit. As surrogate endpoints to quality and cost, we examined length of stay, place of discharge, readmission rate, and 30-d mortality during these two time periods.A total of 488 patients underwent major pulmonary resections (416 lobectomies, 72 pneumonectomies) in this 6-y time period. Patients cared for in the AACU model had a shorter length of stay (LOS) compared with patients in a traditional ICU/general care model. The mean and median LOS for patients in the AACU model was 4.2 ± 0.3 d and 3 d, and for the traditional ICU/general care model these were 7.8 ± 1.2 d and 5 d, respectively (P < 0.001). Relative risk of readmission was 0.86 (95% CI = 0.45, 1.66, P = 0.392) and 30-d mortality was 0.49 (95% CI = 0.14, 1.68, P = 0.205) for patients in the AACU model compared with patients in the traditional ICU/general care unit.Implementation of an Acuity Adaptable Cardiothoracic Unit is associated with reduced length of hospital stay in patients undergoing major lung resections, without increased risk of readmission or 30-d mortality. Future studies will evaluate post-operative events unique to an AACU model.