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Authors Guo LW, Ruoho AE
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Journal J. Biol. Chem. Volume: 286 Issue: 17 Pages: 15260-7
Publish Date 2011 Apr 29
PubMed ID 21393250
PMC ID 3083170

In the visual signal terminating transition state, the cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase (PDE6) inhibitory γ-subunit (PDEγ) stimulates GTPase activity of the α-subunit of transducin (αt) by enhancing the interaction between αt and its regulator of G protein signaling (RGS9), which is constitutively bound to the type 5 G protein β-subunit (β5). Although it is known from a crystal structure of partial molecules that the PDEγ C terminus contacts with both αt and RGS9, contributions from the intrinsically disordered PDEγ N-terminal half remain unclear. In this study, we were able to investigate this issue using a photolabel transfer strategy that allows for mapping the interface of full-length proteins. We observed label transfer from PDEγ N-terminal positions 50, 30, and 16 to RGS9·β5 in the GTPase-accelerating protein (GAP) complex composed of PDEγ·αt·RGS9·β5. In support of a direct PDEγ N-terminal interaction with RGS9·β5, the PDEγ N-terminal peptide PDEγ(1-61) abolished label transfer to RGS9·β5, and another N-terminal peptide, PDEγ(10-30), disassembled the GAP complex in label transfer and pulldown experiments. Furthermore, we determined that the PDEγ C-terminal interaction with αt was enhanced whereas the N-terminal interaction was weakened upon changing the αt conformation from the signaling state to the transition state. This “rearrangement” of PDEγ domain interactions with αt appears to facilitate the interaction of the PDEγ N-terminal half with RGS9·β5 and hence its contribution to optimal stabilization of the GAP complex.

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