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Authors Regner MF, Tao C, Ying D, Olszewski A, Zhang Y, Jiang JJ
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Journal J Voice Volume: 26 Issue: 6 Pages: 698-705
Publish Date 2012 Nov
PubMed ID 22578437
PMC ID 3419787

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vocal fold adduction on voice quality in an ex vivo larynx model.Prospective, repeated-measures experiments.Ten excised canine larynges were mounted on an excised larynx phonation system and measurements were recorded for three different vocal fold adduction levels. Acoustic perturbation measurements of jitter, shimmer, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were calculated from recorded radiated sound histories.Ex vivo experiments indicated that statistically significant increases in the means of jitter (P=0.005), shimmer (P=0.002), and SNR (P=0.011) measures decreased with respect to vocal fold adduction as the independent variable. Theoretical results showed that the direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) component of glottal area increased monotonically with prephonatory glottal area.Acoustic perturbation increased with the degree of vocal fold abduction. Ex vivo larynx measurements suggested that a hyperadducted state may be acoustically best. This may be explained theoretically by an increase in DC/AC ratio as the prephonatory area is increased.

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