|Authors||Reeder AL, Botham RA, Zaremba KM, Nichol PF|
|Journal||Surgery Volume: 152 Issue: 4 Pages: 768-75; discussion 775-6|
|Publish Date||2012 Oct|
Homozygous null mutation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2IIIb (Fgfr2IIIb) gene in mice results in 42% of embryos developing duodenal atresias. Retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (Raldh2, a gene critical for the generation of retinoic acid) is expressed in the mouse duodenum during the temporal window when duodenal atresias form. Raldh2 is critical for the normal development of the pancreatoduodenal region; therefore, we were interested in the effect of a Raldh2 mutation on duodenal atresia formation. To test this, we rendered Fgfr2IIIb(-/-) embryos haploinsufficient for the Raldh2 and examined these embryos for the incidence and severity of duodenal atresia.Control embryos, Fgfr2IIIb(-/-) mutants, and Fgfr2IIIb(-/-); Raldh2(/-) embryos studied, a lesser incidence of duodenal atresia was seen (15 of 70; P = .0017; Fisher exact test). Atresia severity was also decreased; there were 12 embryos with type I atresias, 3 with type II atresias, and 0 with type III atresias (P < 2.81E-013; Fisher exact test).Haploinsufficiency of Raldh2 decreases the incidence and severity of duodenal atresia in the Fgfr2IIIb(-/-) model. The ability to alter defect severity through manipulation of a single gene in a specific genetic background has potentially important implications for understanding the mechanisms by which intestinal atresias arise.
|Full Text||Full text available on PubMed Central|