|Authors||Jiang JJ, Zhang Y|
|Journal||J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Volume: 112 Issue: 5 Pt 1 Pages: 2127-33|
|Publish Date||2002 Nov|
The contribution of turbulent noise was modeled in symmetric vocal folds. A two-mass model was used to simulate irregular vocal fold vibrations. The threshold values of system parameters to produce irregular vibrations were decreased as a result of turbulent airflow. Periodic vibrations were then driven into the regions of irregular vibrations. Using nonlinear dynamics including Poincaré map and Lyapunov exponents, irregular vibrations were demonstrated as chaos. For the deterministic vocal-fold model with noise free and steady airflow, a fine period-doubling bifurcation cascade was shown in a bifurcation diagram. However, turbulent noise added to the vocal-fold model would induce chaotic vibrations, broaden the regions of irregular vocal fold vibrations, and inhibit the fine period-doubling bifurcations in the bifurcation diagrams. The perturbations from neurological and biomechanical effects were simulated as a random variation of the vocal fold stiffness. Turbulent noise as an external random source, as well as random stiffness perturbation as an internal random source, played important roles in the presence of irregular vocal fold vibrations.