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Authors Sippel RS, Bianco J, Wilson M, Perlman S, Ozg├╝l O, Mack E, Starling J, Chen H
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Journal Clin Nucl Med Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 21-6
Publish Date 2004 Jan
PubMed ID 14688593

Preoperative Tc-99m sestamibi scanning can identify candidates for minimally invasive parathyroid surgery. However, a significant number of patients with single gland disease have negative scans and are not considered for the minimally invasive procedure.To determine if T1-201/Tc-99m sodium pertechnetate subtraction scanning (TPSS) is a viable alternative imaging technique for patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (1 degrees HPTH), we reviewed our experience. The outcomes of 100 consecutive patients with 1 degrees HPTH who underwent preoperative TPSS and parathyroid exploration between 1995 and 2000 at our institution were retrospectively reviewed.The mean preoperative calcium and parathyroid hormone levels were 10.8 mg/dL and 220 pg/mL, respectively. The overall cure rate was 96%. Single gland disease was present in 88%. Of the 100 patients studied, 15 underwent both a Tc-99m sestamibi scan and TPSS, whereas the other 85 had only the TPSS.The sensitivity and positive predictive value of the TPSS were 73.3% and 90.4%, respectively. In the patients undergoing both TPSS and Tc-99m sestamibi scans, the results concurred in 60%. However, in 20% of the remaining patients, TPSS correctly localized the abnormal parathyroid(s) when Tc-99m sestamibi failed. TPSS has a comparable sensitivity and positive predictive value to Tc-99m sestamibi scanning. In patients with a negative Tc-99m sestamibi scan, TPSS can provide additional localizing information. As a result of the high positive predictive value of TPSS, a single parathyroid gland localized by TPSS alone can then be approached by minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System