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Authors Nichol PF, Mack E, Bianco J, Hayman A, Starling JR, Chen H
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Journal Surgery Volume: 134 Issue: 4 Pages: 713-7; discussion 717-9
Publish Date 2003 Oct
PubMed ID 14605634

To date there have been no reports on the feasibility of radioguided parathyroidectomy (RGP) in patients with secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism.Twenty-three consecutive patients with secondary (n=5) or tertiary hyperparathyroidism (n=18) underwent RGP. Patients were injected with 10 mCi of technetium 99-sestamibi before surgery. All parathyroid glands were localized during operation with a neoprobe.The mean patient age was 50+/-3 years. The mean preoperative calcium and intact parathyroid hormone levels were 11.0+/-0.3 mg/dL and 400+/-107 pg/mL, respectively. Eighteen patients had 3- or 4-gland hyperplasia, 2 had double adenomas, 2 had forearm graft hyperplasia, 1 had 6-gland disease, and 3 had ectopic glands. All hyperplastic glands had ex vivo counts >20% of background (mean, 63%/-6%), making frozen section unnecessary. When compared with 66 historical control subjects who underwent surgery without radioguidance for tertiary hyperparathyroidism, patients undergoing RGP had decreased operative times (96/-8 minutes vs 151+/-15 minutes; P<.001) and lengths of stay (1.3+/-0.1 days vs 3.7+/-0.3 days; P<.001).RGP in patients with secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism is feasible, may reduce operative time, and permits omission of frozen section. Thus RGP appears to be a useful adjunct in the treatment of secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Copyright © 2017 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System