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Authors Zaremba KM, Reeder AL, Kowalkowski A, Girma E, Nichol PF
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Journal J. Surg. Res. Volume: 187 Issue: 2 Pages: 386-93
Publish Date 2014 Apr
PubMed ID 24360120
PMC ID 3959277
Abstract

Hprt-Cre doubles the prevalence of homozygous null embryos per litter versus heterozygous breedings without decreasing litter size. Resulting mutant embryos are genotypically and phenotypically equivalent between strategies. We set out to confirm the effectiveness of this approach with other alleles and hypothesized that it would increase efficiency in generating compound mutants.Null mutants for Cyp26b1, Pitx2, and Shh were generated with Hprt-Cre from conditional alleles as were double and triple allelic combinations of Fgfr2IIIb, Raldh2, and Cyp26b1. Embryos were genotyped and phenotyped by whole mount photography, histology, and immunohistochemistry.Fifty percent of Hprt-Cre litters were homozygous null for Cyp26b1 (15/29) and Pitx2 (75/143), with phenotypic and genotypic equivalence to mutants from standard heterozygous breedings. In multi-allele breedings, mutant embryos constituted half of litters without significant embryo loss. In contrast, Shh breedings yielded a smaller ratio of embryos carrying two recombined alleles (6 of 16), with a significant litter size reduction because of early embryonic lethality (16 live embryos from 38 deciduae).Hprt-Cre can be used to efficiently generate large numbers of mutant embryos with a number of alleles. Compound mutant generation was equally efficient. However, efficiency is reduced for genes whose protein product potentially interacts with the Hprt pathway (e.g., Shh).

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