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Authors Rice JP, Skagen C, Said A
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Journal Transplantation Volume: 91 Issue: 10 Pages: 1141-7
Publish Date 2011 May 27
PubMed ID 21544034

The combination of octreotide, midodrine, and albumin (triple therapy) is used to treat hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) often as a bridge to liver transplantation (LT). We examined post-LT outcomes in recipients with HRS, including the effect of pre-LT triple therapy.Patients with HRS treated with triple therapy (cases) pre-LT were compared with a cohort that underwent LT in the immediate era before triple therapy was used (controls).Forty-three patients with HRS underwent LT (27 cases and 16 controls). Twenty-one patients (49%) required hemodialysis (HD) pre-LT (48% of cases vs. 50% of controls, P=1.00). After LT, mean glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was similar between cases and controls at 1 month (56.9 vs. 52.6 mL/min/1.73 m(2), P=0.61) and at 1 year (P=0.13). Of the 27 cases, 11 responded to triple therapy pre-LT. Compared with nonresponders, there was no difference in GFR at 1 month (57.2 vs. 56.6 mL/min/1.73 m, P=0.96) or 1 year (P=0.48) post-LT. Long-term HD after LT was required in 7.7% of cases and 12.5% of controls (P=0.61).LT alone improved renal function in most patients with HRS, including those requiring short-term HD. Pre-LT treatment of HRS with triple therapy was not associated with additional benefit in GFR after LT. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System