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Authors Pfau PR, Mosley RG, Said A, Gopal DV, Fischer MC, Oberley T, Weiss J, Lee FT, Eckoff D, Reichelderfer M
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Journal JOP Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 27-33
Publish Date 2006 Jan 11
PubMed ID 16407615
Abstract

Pancreatitis is the most frequent complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Controversy exists whether low osmolarity non-ionic contrast agents lessen the rate of pancreatitis and pancreatic injury. To evaluate we used a canine model to compare pancreatography performed with ionic and non-ionic contrast.Dogs were anesthetized and underwent open transduodenal cannulation of the main pancreatic duct under fluoroscopic control until complete acinarization was achieved to maximize injury. Three dogs received diatrozate, an ionic contrast agent with osmolarity of 1,415 mosM and three dogs were injected with omnipaque a non-ionic agent with osmolarity of 672 mosM.Serial amylase and white cell counts were followed for 48 hours at which time dogs were sacrificed. Each pancreas was then examined for evidence of pancreatitis and cellular injury with both light and electron microscopy.All animals developed significant hyperamylasemia and elevated white blood cell counts, without significant difference in the mean peak amylase (10,721 U/L vs. 9,367 U/L, P=0.876) or white cell counts (25.8 k/mL vs. 24.1 k/mL, P=0.586) between the ionic and non-ionic contrast groups. Light microscopy showed no evidence of pancreatitis in either group of dogs. Electron microscopy showed cellular injury of the ductal cells in two dogs injected with non-ionic contrast.In a pancreatic canine model, low osmolarity, non-ionic contrast does not appear to lessen cellular injury.

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