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Authors Datta J, Lewis RS, Strasberg SM, Hall BL, Allendorf JD, Beane JD, Behrman SW, Callery MP, Christein JD, Drebin JA, Epelboym I, He J, Pitt HA, Winslow E, Wolfgang C, Lee MK, Vollmer CM
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Journal J. Gastrointest. Surg. Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 506-15
Publish Date 2015 Mar
PubMed ID 25451733
Abstract

While contemporary studies demonstrate decreasing complication rates following total pancreatectomy (TP), none have quantified the impact of post-TP complications. The Postoperative Morbidity Index (PMI)-a quantitative measure of postoperative morbidity-combines ACS-NSQIP complication data with severity weighting derived from Modified Accordion Grading System. We establish the PMI for TP in a multi-institutional cohort.Nine institutions contributed ACS-NSQIP data for 64 TPs (2005-2011). Each complication was assigned an Accordion severity weight ranging from 0.110 (grade 1/mild) to 1.00 (grade 6/death). PMI equals the sum of complication severity weights (“Total Burden”) divided by total number of patients.Overall, 29 patients (45.3 %) suffered 55 ACS-NSQIP complications; 15 (23.4 %) had >1 complication. Thirteen patients (20.3 %) were readmitted and one death (1.6 %) occurred within 30 days. Non-risk adjusted PMI was 0.151, while PMI for complication-bearing cases rose to 0.333. Bleeding/Transfusion and Sepsis were the most common complications. Discordance between frequency and burden of complications was observed. While grades 4-6 comprised only 18.5 % of complications, they contributed 37.1 % to the series’ total burden.This multi-institutional series is the first to quantify the complication burden following TP using the rigor of ACS-NSQIP. A PMI of 0.151 indicates that, collectively, patients undergoing TP have an average burden of complications in the mild to moderate severity range, although complication-bearing patients have a considerable reduction in health utility.

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