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Authors Jonker MA, Heneghan AF, Fechner JH, Pierre JF, Sano Y, Lan J, Kudsk KA
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Journal Ann. Surg. Volume: 262 Issue: 1 Pages: 194-201
Publish Date 2015 Jul
PubMed ID 25563877
PMC ID 4844224

To define gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) phenotype changes with parenteral nutrition (PN) and PN with bombesin (BBS).PN reduces respiratory tract (RT) and GALT Peyer patch and lamina propria lymphocytes, lowers gut and RT immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels, and destroys established RT antiviral and antibacterial immunity. BBS, an enteric nervous system neuropeptide, reverses PN-induced IgA and RT immune defects.Experiment 1: Intravenously cannulated ICR mice received chow, PN, or PN + BBS injections for 5 days. LSR-II flow cytometer analyzed Peyer patches and lamina propria isolated lymphocytes for homing phenotypes (L-selectin and LPAM-1) and state of activation (CD25, CD44) in T (CD3)-cell subsets (CD4 and CD8) along with homing phenotype (L-selectin and LPAM-1) in naive B (IgD) and antigen-activated (IgD or IgM) B (CD45R/B220) cells. Experiment 2: Following the initial experiment 1 protocol, lamina propria T regulatory cell phenotype was evaluated by Foxp3 expression.Experiment 1: PN significantly reduced lamina propria (1) CD4CD25 (activated) and (2) CD4CD25LPAM-1 (activated cells homed to the lamina propria) T cells, whereas PN-BBS assimilated chow levels. PN significantly reduced lamina propria (1) IgD (naive), (2) IgDLPAM (antigen-activated homed to the lamina propria) and CD44 memory B cells, whereas PN-BBS assimilated chow levels. Experiment 2: PN significantly reduced lamina propria CD4CD25Foxp3 T regulatory cells compared with chow-fed mice, whereas PN + BBS assimilated chow levels.PN reduces lamina propria activated and T regulatory cells and also naive and memory B cells. BBS addition to PN maintains these cell phenotypes, demonstrating the intimate involvement of the enteric nervous system in mucosal immunity.

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