|Authors||Hirano S, Bless DM, Heisey D, Ford CN|
|Journal||Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. Volume: 112 Issue: 7 Pages: 617-24|
|Publish Date||2003 Jul|
Hyaluronan (HYA) is considered to be a crucial factor in scarless wound healing and in maintaining tissue viscosity of the vocal fold lamina propria. In this study focusing on the effects of growth factors, we examined how HYA is produced and controlled in canine cultured vocal fold fibroblasts. Fibroblasts were taken from the lamina propria of the vocal folds of 8 dogs and cultured with and without growth factors. The production of HYA in the supernatant culture was quantitatively examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Hepatocyte growth factor, epidermal growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and transforming growth factor beta1 all stimulated HYA synthesis from vocal fold fibroblasts. These effects differed with the concentration of growth factors and the incubation period. We also examined how frequently the growth factors had to be administered in order to maintain appropriate levels of HYA. A single administration was sufficient to maintain appropriate HYA levels for at least 7 days. The present studies have demonstrated positive effects of growth factors in stimulating HYA production. Further in vivo study is needed to clarify the usefulness of these growth factors in the management of vocal fold scarring.