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Authors Wang Y, Burns WR, Tang PC, Yi T, Schechner JS, Zerwes HG, Sessa WC, Lorber MI, Pober JS, Tellides G
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Journal FASEB J. Volume: 18 Issue: 3 Pages: 606-8
Publish Date 2004 Mar
PubMed ID 14734640

Vascular remodeling (change in vessel diameter) rather than intimal hyperplasia is the most important predictor of luminal loss in immune-mediated arterial injury, yet little is known about its mechanisms. Here, we show that outward vascular remodeling and intimal thickening, two manifestations of arteriosclerosis with opposing effects on luminal size, result from immune effector mechanisms that are T-cell dependent and interferon (IFN)-gamma mediated. In our in vivo model of human coronary artery injury by allogeneic peripheral blood mononuclear cells, both processes occur concurrently and are characterized by T-cell infiltrates with a predominantly IFN-gamma-producing cytokine profile. Neutralization of IFN-gamma inhibits the arterial and intimal expansion, whereas administration of IFN-gamma enhances these effects. The nonredundant role of IFN-gamma in T-cell-dependent remodeling of human coronary arteries demonstrated here presents a new therapeutic target for preservation of vessel lumen in arteriosclerosis. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System