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Authors Calland JF, Adams RB, DePrince K, Foley EF, Powell SM
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Journal Semin. Gastrointest. Dis. Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 207-18
Publish Date 2000 Oct
PubMed ID 11057948

Our understanding of the biology of colon cancer has matured to the point that it is a useful general paradigm for understanding solid tumor development. Recent advances provide insight into the genetic alterations underlying the development of colon cancer. These insights provide unique opportunities for genetic testing in predisposed, asymptomatic patients that can direct screening efforts and their clinical management. This review examines several inherited colon cancer predispositions, well described clinically for a century, that are now amenable to genetic testing. Additional discussion focuses on colon cancer predisposition traits that occur with high frequency but low penetrance characteristics. Finally, genetic tests for tumor markers that potentially have prognostic or therapeutic implications are reviewed. Copyright © 2016 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System