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Authors Chu UB, Mavlyutov TA, Chu ML, Yang H, Schulman A, Mesangeau C, McCurdy CR, Guo LW, Ruoho AE
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Journal EBioMedicine Volume: 2 Issue: 11 Pages: 1806-13
Publish Date 2015 Nov
PubMed ID 26870805
PMC ID 4740303

The sigma-2 receptor (S2R) is a potential therapeutic target for cancer and neuronal diseases. However, the identity of the S2R has remained a matter of debate. Historically, the S2R has been defined as (1) a binding site with high affinity to 1,3-di-o-tolylguanidine (DTG) and haloperidol but not to the selective sigma-1 receptor ligand (+)-pentazocine, and (2) a protein of 18-21 kDa, as shown by specific photolabeling with [(3)H]-Azido-DTG and [(125)I]-iodoazido-fenpropimorph ([(125)I]-IAF). Recently, the progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1), a 25 kDa protein, was reported to be the S2R (Nature Communications, 2011, 2:380). To confirm this identification, we created PGRMC1 knockout NSC34 cell lines using the CRISPR/Cas9 technology. We found that in NSC34 cells devoid of or overexpressing PGRMC1, the maximum [(3)H]-DTG binding to the S2R (Bmax) as well as the DTG-protectable [(125)I]-IAF photolabeling of the S2R were similar to those of wild-type control cells. Furthermore, the affinities of DTG and haloperidol for PGRMC1 (KI = 472 μM and 350 μM, respectively), as determined in competition with [(3)H]-progesterone, were more than 3 orders of magnitude lower than those reported for the S2R (20-80 nM). These results clarify that PGRMC1 and the S2R are distinct binding sites expressed by different genes.

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