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Authors Xue C, Pulvermacher A, Calawerts W, Devine E, Jiang J
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Journal J Voice
Publish Date 2016 Sep 23
PubMed ID 27671751
Abstract

This study aims to build an excised anterior glottic web (AGW) model and study the basic voice-related mechanisms of the AGW through investigating the acoustic, aerodynamic, and vibratory properties.Overall, four conditions were tested for each of the eight canine larynges used. At baseline, 10%, 20%, and 33% occlusion (as determined by the placement of the suture), acoustic, aerodynamic, and high-speed video data were collected while each larynx was phonated in a soundproof booth.The phonation threshold pressure (PTP) and the phonation threshold flow significantly increased as percent occlusion increased (P < 0.001). There were significant increases in jitter % and shimmer % from baseline group to AGW model groups at PTP, 1.25 PTP, and 1.5 PTP (P = 0.039, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, and P = 0.001, respectively). The fundamental frequency significantly increased as percent occlusion increased at all given pressures (P < 0.001). Correlation dimension (D2) was significantly higher in the AGW model groups than in the baseline group at PTP, 1.25 PTP, and 1.5 PTP (P = 0.002, P < 0.001, P = 0.01, respectively). High-speed videos revealed that, the left phase shift in the AGW model groups compared with the baseline at 1.25 PTP was significant (P = 0.027) and right phase shift at 1.5 PTP (P < 0.001).We presented an anatomically similar model of a type 1 AGW and confirmed its validity through aerodynamic, acoustic, and high-speed video analysis in our study. We observed and investigated the glottic web movement, which may be a new explanation for the pathologic voice-related mechanism of AGW.

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